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“去钢铁化”失败,德国工业巨头裁员求生

时间:2020-11-26 09:37:05 来源:时代周报

xirideguogangtiedawang,rujinzhengweishengcunerzhan。

jumeiti11yue24ribaodao,yigangtiezhipinwenmingyushidedeguogongyejutoudisenkelubobiaoshi,xuyaojinyibucaiyuan5000ren,yihuanxinguanfeiyanyiqingdailaidechongji。2019nian,disenkeluboyijingxuanbuyaocaiyuan6000ren,muqian,quedingdecaiyuanrenshushengzhi11000ren,yuezhangongsizongrenshude10%。

“womenhaimeiyoudadaomubiao,weilaikenenggengtongku,danwomenbixudechengshou。”disenkelubogongsishouxizhixingguanmadingna·meierzizaiyifenshengmingzhongbiaoshi。

zheigeyongyouliangbaiduonianlishidedeguogongyejuren,jinnianzaiduoyuanhuazhuanxingguochengzhonglvlvbaoluruodian,touzishili、zhaitaigaozhu,budebudafuducaiyuan,shenzhimaidiaozijizuizhuanqiandediantiyewubaoming。

disenkelubo2019/2020caizhengnianqiansanjiducaibaozhongxianshi,gaigongsiqiansanjiduyingshou275yiouyuan,jiaoquniantongqixiajiang12%。erqiansanjidujinglirunchengkuisunzhuangtai,kuisunjin20yiouyuan(yueherenminbi164yiyuan),jiaoquniantongqikuisunkuodalejin10bei。

钢铁帝国

disenkelubocengzaishijiegongyezhongdiweixianhe。

disenkeluboshiyouliangjiagongsizuheercheng,jidisenhekelubo。yigangtiefajiadedisenjituanshijianyu19shijizhongye。1871nian,chuangshirenaogusite·disenjianlidisenlianhegongsi,1890nianzaideguodeduyisibaojianlilediyizuozijidecaimeiyuliangang-yaganglianheqiye。daodiyicishijiedazhanchuqi,gaigongsiyijingfazhanchengweiouzhouzuidadecaikuang、yejinlianheqiyezhiyi,qiyongyoumeikuang、tiekuang、gangtiechang、jiqizhizaochang、yunshugongsi、junhuoqiyejishangyeqiyedeng,beichengwei“disengangtiedawang”。

zhiyukelubo,shuxijunshilishiderenyidingbuhuimosheng。zheijiayijunhuofajiadejiazuqiye,shengchandedapaozhuli“tiexuezaixiang”bisimaizai19shijizhongyexianhouzhanshengleaodilihefaguo。liangcishijiedazhanqijian,kelubojiangjunhuoyewutuozhandaolejianchuanheqiantingzhizao。deguoerzhanshiqizhumingdeuxingqiantingyeshizheigejiazudejiezuo。

值得一提的是,在洋务运动时期,中国也曾进口过不少克虏伯大炮,这些大炮装备在成为了当时中国海防的骨干力量。

buguo,erzhanhoukelubogongsibuzaishengchanjunyongchanpin,zhibaoliulebufenminyonglingyudeyewu。

daole20shiji80niandaizhi90niandai,youyuquanqiujingjibujingqi,liangjiagongsidouzaoyulejingyingkunnan。1999nian,kelubohedisenxuanbuquanmianhebing,xingchengdisenkelubogufengongsi,weiqiche、dianti、wolunyepiandeng“deguozhizao”gongyinggangtie。

gangtiejutouyijinfeixibi。2yue27ri,weizhengjiugongsidexiahuayeji,disenkelubojuedingjiangzijizuizhuanqiandediantiyewuyi172yiouyuandejiage,chushoujianhongziben(advent)yushengfenggongsi(cinven)delianhecaituan。5yue,ouzhoudeyiqinghaixiangdangyanzhongshi,youyouxiaoxichuanchudisenkelubozhengzaikaolvchushouqigangtiehechuanboxitongbumen,tongshixiwangfazhanqicailiaofuwuhegongyelingbujianbumen。bannianbudaodeshijianli,lianxuchushouliangxiangwangpaiyewu,disenkelubojiujingxianrulezenyangdekunjing?

危机重重

zai2008nianjinrongweijizhiqian,disenkelubojiukaiqilemanzhangdezhuanxingzhilu。dangshi,gongsigaocengrenwei,suizhejishujinbu,yijixinxingshichangchengzhenhuadexingqi,renmenhuoxuxuyaobigangtiegengqingdexinxingcailiao,weilaiduigangtiedexuqiuyejiangzhubusuojian。

jianyuci,disenkelubokaishijinxingzhanlvediaozheng——suojiangangtieyewudanyuan,kuozhancailiao、jixielingbujiandenglingyu。raner,shishizhengming,quanqiugangtieshichangyiranxingsheng。

蒂森克虏伯大力发展新型材料

jinrongweijitongyangshizheigegangtiejutouzaoshouzhongji。disenkeluboyuanbenzaibaxihemeiguokaizhanlegangtieguojihuakuozhangzhanlve,raner,zheilianggeguojiazai2008nianjinrongweijihouchengxianjingjijiangsu,rangyuanyoujihuawanquanluokong。suizhebaxihuobileiyaerjielianshengzhi,hemeiguoqichechengditelvdepochan,zheiliangzuohejitouzi120yiouyuandegongchangchengweilechenzhongfudan。

youyumeizhougangtiebumendejuesunshi,2012cainianchengweidisenkelubo“heianzhinian”,gongsijinglilelishishangsunshizuiweiyanzhongdeyinian,kuisunedadao50yiouyuan,yeyincikaishibeifujuezhaiwu。ciwai,disenkelubohaixianruleyixiliebuguangcaideguansizhong:zaideguotielujianshezhongyinshexiancaozongjiagebeifakuan1.03yiouyuan,baxigongchangyinwuranbeifa400wanouyuan。

suizhehulianwangheruanjianjishudekuaisudiedaigengxin,disenkelubobudebumianduihulianwangheshuzihuadailaidechongji,duizijidezichanheyunyingkuangjiazuochudiaozheng,jiasuzhuanxing。

去钢铁化

2011nian,xindedongshizhanghailixi·hexingenlinweishouming,disenkelubokaiqile“qugangtiehua”dejiannanlicheng,zichanyewuzhujiancong“zhong”dao“qing”。

hexingenjianggongsideguanlicengxuejianleyiban,chushoumeizhoudegangtieyewu,bingxuanbu,gangtiebuzaishidisenkelubodehexinyewu。tabiaoshi,“gangtiedawang”zhengzhuanbianchengyigegaojiazhide“duoyuanhuadekejigongsi”:“weilai,disenkelubodeyewujiangbaokuojixielingbujianjishu、diantijishu、gongyejiejuefanganyijicailiaofuwudengsidayewu。”

2014财年,蒂森克虏伯开始扭亏为盈。到2017财年,蒂森克虏伯的净金融债务略低于20亿欧元。

buguoyouyujinnianlaiouzhoujingjizengzhangfali,rangdisenkeluboyixingzhibanchengdeduoyuanhuazhuanxingzhanlvezaiyukanke。xinguanyiqingzerangdisenkeluboyoulaiyijiudejiegouxingwentiyufayanjun。buduankuodadeyanglaojinchizi、haiyouyazhougangtieqiyedejingzheng,yanzhongxueruoleqigangtiebumendeyinglinengli。

jinnian2yuedi,weilezhengjiugongsixiahuadeyeji,disenkelubotongyijiangqiyizhiyilaizuizhuanqiandediantiyewu,yi172yiouyuandejiageshouyuadvent、cinvenhedeguoragjijinzuchengdeyigesimucaituan。

disenkelubobiaoshi,boliyongyou5wanduomingyuangongdediantiyewubumenwuyishiyigejiannandejueding,danzheiduizhenggejituandeliyilaishuoyoushibixude。ju《jinrongshibao》baodao,jiexialai,disenkelubokenenghuiluxuchushouqizaiquanqiudehuaxuehekuangyezhizaodanyuan。

duanbeiqiushengbeihou,yinzangdeshijuezhaiwu。genjuquniancaibao,disenkelubochengshouzhe70yiouyuandejingcaiwuzhaiwuhe90yiouyuandetuixiujinzhaiwudeyali。

11yue10ri,juouzhou《qichexinwen》baodao,disenkelubozhengweijin50yiouyuandeyuanzhujihuayudeguozhengfutanpan,cijujiangyejiangchengweigaigongsishengcunfazhandeguanjianjucuo。deguoshehuiminzhudangmishuzhangkasiteng·shinaidebiaoshi,muqianyuanzhufanganrengzaitaolun。

“ruguonizhengquzhuanxing,nixuyaoyixierennai。”zaozai2018nian,hailixi·hexingencengjingzheimeduimeitibiaoshi,danxianran,zheijialaopaigangtiejutourengweizaiduoyuanhuazhuanxingyuyinglizhijianzhaodaopingheng。

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